bar

The court, in its strictest sense, sitting in full term. The presence, actual or constructive, of the court. Thus a trial at bar is one had before the full court, distinguished from a trial had before a single judge at nisi prius. So the "case at bar" is the case now before the court and under its consideration; the case being tried or argued.
In another sense, the whole body of attorneys and counsellors, or the members of the legal profession, collectively, who are figuratively called the "bar". They are thus distinguished from the "bench," which term denotes the whole body of judges. Bar associations of attorneys may be either national, state, or local.
See bar association.
Compare bench.
In the practice of legislative bodies, the outer boundary of the house; therefore, all persons, not being members, who wish to address the house, or are summoned to it, appear at the bar for that purpose.
In the law of contracts, an impediment, obstacle, or preventive barrier. Thus, relationship within the prohibited degrees is a bar to marriage. In this sense also we speak of the "bar of the statute of limitations." That which defeats, annuls, cuts off, or puts an end to. Thus, a provision "in bar of dower" is one which has the effect of defeating or cutting off the dower-rights which the wife would otherwise become entitled to in the particular land.
In pleading, a special plea, constituting a sufficient answer to an action at law; so called because it barred, i.e., prevented, the plaintiff from further prosecuting it with effect, and, if established by proof, defeated and destroyed the action altogether. Called a special "plea in bar." It may be further described as a plea or peremptory exception of a defendant to destroy the plaintiffs action.
Under Fed.Rules Civ.Proc., pleas in bar are abolished in favor of affirmative pleading of defenses in answer. Rule 8(c).
See plea (plea in bar).
With respect to claim preclusion, a valid and final personal judgment on the merits against a claimant precludes (bars) a later suit on the same claim or cause of action. It is the principle that a party may not relitigate a cause of action which has been determined previously. In re Johnson, Bkrtcy.Minn., 13 B.R. 342, 346.
A judgment rendered in a case is a "bar" to further action in the state in which it was rendered and in all other jurisdictions if the court which rendered it has required jurisdiction and if the subsequent action is brought by a party to first action or his privy.
- issue preclusion
- res (res judicata).
A particular part of the court-room; for example, the place where prisoners stand at their trial, hence the expression "prisoner at the bar."
In England, a partition or railing running across a court-room, intended to separate the general public from the space occupied by the judges, counsel, jury, and others concerned in the trial of a cause. In the English courts it is the partition behind which all outer-barristers and every member of the public must stand. Solicitors being officers of the court, are admitted within it; as are also queen's counsel, barristers with patents of precedence, and Serjeants, in virtue of their ranks. Parties who appear in person also are placed within the bar on the floor of the court
@ bar admission
Act by which one is licensed to practice before courts of a particular state or jurisdiction after satisfying requirements such as bar examination, period of residency or admission on grounds of reciprocity after period of years as member of bar of another jurisdiction
@ bar association
An association of members of the legal profession. Such associations have been organized on the national (American Bar Association - Federal Bar Association), state, county, and even on city levels (e.g., New York City Bar Ass'n). The first was established in Mississippi in 1825, but it is not known to have had a continued existence. An association of Grafton and Coos counties in New Hampshire had an existence before 1800, and probably a more or less continuous life since then, having finally merged into a state association. Membership may be either compulsory (integrated bar) or voluntary
@ bar integration
@

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

Synonyms:

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  • bar — bar …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Bär — Bär …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • bar — bar·a·boo; bar·ag·no·sis; bar·a·min; bar; bar·a·thea; bar·a·thrum; bar·ba; bar·ba·coa; bar·ba·dos; bar·ba·ra s; bar·ba·rea; bar·bar·i·an·ism; bar·bar·i·an·ism; bar·bar·ic; bar·bar·ic; bar·bar·i·cal·ly; bar·bar·i·cal·ly; bar·bar·i·ous;… …   English syllables

  • bar — 1 / bär/ n often attrib 1 a: the railing in a courtroom that encloses the area around the judge where prisoners are stationed in criminal cases or where the business of the court is transacted in civil cases compare bench 1, dock …   Law dictionary

  • Bar — may refer to:* A rod/stick, pole, or handrail made of structural steel ** Grab bar ** Rebar * an ingot or gold bar * Bar (diacritic), a line through a letter used as a diacritic * Bar (establishment), a retail establishment which serves alcoholic …   Wikipedia

  • BAR — bezeichnet: in der Gastronomie ein Lokal in dem Getränke ausgeschenkt werden, siehe Bar (Lokal) Bar (Fluss), einen linken Nebenfluss der Maas Bar (Fluss in der Ukraine), Fluss in der Oblast Lemberg, Ukraine einen türkischen Tanz, siehe Bar (Tanz) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bar — steht für: eine Maßeinheit des Drucks, siehe Bar (Einheit) in der Gastronomie ein Lokal, in dem Getränke ausgeschenkt werden, siehe Bar (Lokal) in Musik und Lyrik eine Strophenform, siehe Bar (Meistergesang) im Alten Ägypten für einen Schiffstyp …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bar — (b[aum]r), n. [OE. barre, F. barre, fr. LL. barra, W. bar the branch of a tree, bar, baren branch, Gael. & Ir. barra bar. [root]91.] 1. A piece of wood, metal, or other material, long in proportion to its breadth or thickness, used as a lever and …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bär — steht für: Bär (Familienname), den Familiennamen Bär Baer (Adelsgeschlecht) in den Varianten Baehr, Baer oder Bär Bären (Ursidae), Tierfamilie mit ihren Unterarten Bär (Wappentier), ein Wappentier Bärenspinner, einen von mehreren Vertretern einer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • bar — bar1 [bär] n. [ME & OFr barre < ML barra, bar, barrier, prob. < Gaul * barros, the bushy end, akin to Ir bar, branch < IE * bhoros, cut wood < base * bher , to cut with a sharp tool] 1. any piece of wood, metal, etc. longer than it is …   English World dictionary

  • BAR — BAR, town in Vinnitsa oblast, Ukraine. Bar passed to Russia at the second partition of Poland in 1793, and from 1796 to the 1917 Russian Revolution was a district capital in the province (government) of Podolia. The Bar community was one of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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